Posts Tagged ‘Facebook’

I found this introduction to the Semantic Web very informative.

Syntax is how you say something whereas semantics is the meaning of what you say.

(msporny, 2007)

Computers not only reading data but being able to understand it. ¬†Knowing what we like … and, more importantly predicting what we want before we even have to ask is the true value of the Semantic Web.

I believe an example of this is the data detectors in Apple’s OSX, which I utilise on my MacBook just about every day. ¬†If I get an email from someone – say, John – who has asked for a meeting “at 3pm tomorrow in the board room”, the computer sees ¬†the time, date and location and can automatically add an appointment to my calendar, using that data.

Pulling the threads of the Web together and making meaning of the chaos will ¬†revolutionise the way we use the Internet. ¬†Berners-Lee,¬†Hendler & Lassila (2001) predicted the “eventual creation of programs that collect Web content from diverse sources, process the information and exchange the results with other programs.” ¬†This is something websites like Facebook have done for some time now. ¬†However, embracing a public-driven Semantic Web has proven somewhat troublesome. ¬†Following Facebook’s “Open Graph” announcement in May 2010, which included a vision of a consumer Semantic Web, people are sceptical of the company’s intentions. ¬†Read Write Web writer Alex Iskold blogged on May 6 201o that on close inspection “Facebook’s intent is not to make the Web more structured, but instead to engineer a way for more data – mostly unstructured – to flow into Facebook databases.” ¬†It seems Facebook doesn’t want to create a better, more structured Web – Facebook wants to be the Web.

As a postnote, I watched the Google Wave overview (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p6pgxLaDdQw&feature=player_embedded) explaining what Google Wave is all about … or should I say was all about! ¬†Only this week Google announced it was discontinuing Wave (http://googleblog.blogspot.com/2010/08/update-on-google-wave.html). ¬†I must admit, I got an invitation to Wave back in December 2009 but never used it. ¬†Watching this video, I can see some of the collaborative benefits of Wave and how it could have changed the way people communicate online. ¬†It was probably a little too complicated. ¬†I have heard a number of smart people saying they didn’t know how to use it, which is possibly why the adoption of Wave has been lower than Google’s expectations. ¬†I think it would have been a much better way to hold Web101 discussions than the hard-to-follow Blackboard Discussion Forums.

References

Berners-Lee, T., Hendler, J., Lassila, O. (2001). THE SEMANTIC WEB, Scientific American; May 2001, Vol. 284 Issue 5, p34. Retrieved from http://lms.curtin.edu.au/courses/1/305033-Vice-Chancell-1118175685/content/_1253746_1/dir_Web101.zip/Web101/img/SemanticWeb.pdf on August 7 2010.

Isklod, A. (2010), Does Facebook Really Want a Semantic Web?, Read Write Web, Published May 6 2010. Retrieved from  http://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/does_facebook_really_want_a_semantic_web.php on August 7 2010.

Sporny, M. (2007), Intro to the Semantic Web. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OGg8A2zfWKg&feature=player_embedded on August 7 2010

Advertisements

Some interesting predictions made by a British online marketer.  It was posted two years ago and some of his predictions have come to pass.

10 Twitter Future Trends

I like the categorisation of three types of Twitterers – Blabbers who “continue to bla bla bla about what they had for lunch”, Sifters “use Twitter to check the word on the street and news” and Broadcasters “will keep pumping out tweets, possibly losing followers long the way”. ¬†I would consider myself a sifter and I believe the future for Twitter is its ability to deliver personalised news. ¬†I’m not interested in what Ashton Kutcher said to his wife over dinner – I’m interested in news from people who affect my world.

A report by American research company Edison Research says there has been an explosion in the awareness of Twitter from ¬†5% of Americans 12+ in 2008 to 87% in 2010 and is now as well known as Facebook but “Twitter is yet to articulate its value to mainstream America.” (Webster T,¬†Twitter Usage in America 2010 Webinar, 29 April 2010, Retrieved 20 July 2010, http://www.edisonresearch.com/home/archives/2010/04/twitter_usage_in_america_2010_1.php).


What do people think of this effort of social networking….

http://mumbrella.com.au/old-spice-best-use-of-social-media-yet-29742

Step 1 – come up with a brilliant ad campaign which has had more than 13 million views on YouTube (and counting).

Step 2 – personalise the message to more than 100 different people including influencers and watch the world fall in love with your product – even if it is the fragrance your Grandfather used to wear!

As of 15 July 2010, @oldspice has 60,000 Twitter followers and 589,000 fans on Facebook. ¬†Is this an example of an advertiser bridging the gap between “old” and “new” media?

The question has been raised: ”¬†Do social networking sites open us up to new perspectives, or help us reinforce our existing prejudices?” ¬†I think this gets back to the notion that mass media has been replaced by a mass of niches. ¬†Rather than opinion being shaped by the person with the biggest microphone, there’s a cacophony of little voices vying for attention. ¬†But even though I know the Internet is now full of different perspectives on just about every subject imaginable, I find I gravitate towards the communities I have an interest, passion and (yes) prejudice for. ¬†As humans, we tend to identify with like-minded people.

As for a difference between social network sites, I once heard someone quip that Facebook is for the people you used to know and Twitter is for the people you want to know! ¬†That’s very simplistic, I know, but there’s an element of truth in there. ¬† I’ve found I’ve drifted away from Facebook. ¬†It’s great to catch up with old school friends but I don’t really want to know what they had for breakfast day after day. ¬†I find Twitter more valuable as a news and conversation source. ¬†I don’t worry about how many followers I have but I find I can tailor the news I want to receive by following the people I’m interested in and I can join conversations whether I know people or not.

I think this gets back to the notion that mass media has been (or is being) replaced by a mass of niches. Rather than opinion being shaped by the person with the biggest microphone, there’s a cacophony of little voices vying for attention. But even though I know the Internet is now full of different perspectives on just about every subject imaginable, I find I gravitate towards the communities I have an interest, passion and (yes) prejudice for. As humans, we tend to identify with like-minded people.
As for a difference between social networking sites, I once heard someone quip that Facebook is for the people you used to know and Twitter is for the people you want to know! That’s very simplistic, I know, but there’s an element of truth in there. I’ve found I’ve drifted away from Facebook. It’s great to catch up with old school friends but I don’t really want to know what they had for breakfast day after day. I find Twitter more valuable as a news and conversation source. I don’t worry about how many followers I have but I find I can tailor the news I want to receive by following the people I’m interested in and I can join conversations whether I know people or not.

danah boyd (here’s why she doesn’t capitalise her name) and Nicole Ellison make some interesting points in their article “Social Network Sites: Definition, History, and Scholarship” (2007). ¬†Importantly they offer a definition of social network sites.

We define social network sites as web-based services that allow individuals to (1) construct a public or semi-public profile within a bounded system, (2) articulate a list of other users with whom they share a connection, and (3) view and traverse their list of connections and those made by others within the system. The nature and nomenclature of these connections may vary from site to site.

Interestingly, they go on to explain why they steer clear of the term “Networking” because of its connotations of necessarily initiating relationships between strangers – meeting new people. ¬†boyd & Ellison argue that is possible but not common practice. ¬†It’s the sharing of your social network that makes social network sites unique.

Huberman, Romero and Wu (2008) sought to define the extent to which Twitter drives the creation of a user’s social networks. ¬†With Twitter, creation of a link or connection to another user does not require confirmation from the other party. ¬†It’s a one-way connection. ¬†Huberman et al. defined a third category of a user’s social graph – “friends”, which they say are the people to whom the user has directed at least two posts.

This implies the existence of two different networks: a very dense one made up of followers and followees, and a sparser and simpler network of actual friends. The latter proves to be a more influential network in driving Twitter usage since users with many actual friends tend to post more updates than users with few actual friends. On the other hand, users with many followers or followees post updates more infrequently than those with few followers or followees. (p. 6, 8 ) (**edit – I just discovered an 8 followed by ) gives me this emoticon 8) – not sure if this is in APA Referencing guidelines!! **)

We are sharing our social networks like never before. ¬†By searching my Facebook and Twitter pages, people can easily see not just information about me but also links to those people I know, have known and care about. ¬†It throws up many questions about privacy. ¬†Facebook has recently been at the centre of the privacy storm because of its constant changing of privacy settings – it’s open by default, where everything is opt out rather than opt in. ¬†¬†boyd & Ellison (2008) argue the more a person trusts a social network site, the more willing they are to share information on the site. ¬† On his blog buzzmachine.com, Jeff Jarvis (2010) argues Facebook has confused our personal social networks (he calls it “a public”) with “the public” – that is everyone. ¬†He says they confused sharing with publishing.

when I blog something, I am publishing it to the world for anyone and everyone to see: the more the better, is the assumption. But when I put something on Facebook my assumption had been that I was sharing it just with the public I created and control there. That public is private. Therein lies the confusion.

Internet pioneer Vint Cerf (2008) famously told journalist John Cook on the¬†seattlepi.com blog (the first major metro daily newspaper to go online-only) that on¬†the Internet, ¬†“nothing you do ever goes away and nothing you do ever escapes notice.” ¬†Cerf noted “there isn’t any privacy, get over it.”

References

boyd, d. m., & Ellison, N. B. (2007). Social network sites: Definition, history, and scholarship. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 13(1), article 11. http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol13/issue1/boyd.ellison.html

Cook, J. (2008). Vint Cerf: Internet pioneer, coffee drinker.  Seattle Post-Intelligencer.  Retrieved July 8 2010 from http://blog.seattlepi.com/venture/archives/138574.asp

Huberman, B.A., Romero, D.M. & Wu, F. (2008), Social networks that matter: Twitter under the microscope, (pp 2,6,8). Retrieved July 8 2010, from http://arxiv.org/pdf/0812.1045

Jarvis, J. (2010). Confusing *a* public with *the* public. Retrieved July 8 2010, from http://www.buzzmachine.com/2010/05/08/confusing-a-public-with-the-public/

MBA Online
Via: MBA Online